Decades Of American Automobiles 1900-1910 cont.
We left of with Ford building budget cars for the middle class, and his assembly line. With that we will continue to some of the other makes we mentioned in the first section of Part II. At this point we have quite a few to talk about and a decent amount you may have never heard about.
Who are they and where did they go
We will start with Buick, who more than others went far being the oldest car manufacturer in the nation that is still around today. It actually started in 1899 but not as the Buick we know no, but as independent engine manufacturer. The original name was Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company. One of the Models they mad was the Bug, which Louis Chevrolet drove in the Vanderbilt Cup. Another which was more of the Consumer vehicle was the Model 17. Another reason Buick was successful was the use of a Valve in Head Engine patented by Eugene Richard. Buick was later acquired by General Motors and brought through the decades to be the Luxury Vehicle it is known as now.
Cadillac was another auto maker born in this decade that is still around and also owned by General Motors now. Cadillac did have an interesting beginning though.
Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company when Henry Ford departed along with several of his key partners and the company was dissolved. With the intent of liquidating the firm’s assets, Ford’s financial backers William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company to appraise the plant and equipment before selling them.
Instead, Leland persuaded them to continue the automobile business using Leland’s proven single-cylinder engine. The company after Henry Ford left needed a new name, and on 22 August 1902 the company reformed as the Cadillac Automobile Company. Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing and the Cadillac Automobile Company merged in 1905.
The Cadillac automobile was named after the 17th-century French explorer Antoine Laumet de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac, who founded Detroit in 1701
Quite interesting to know, that’s for sure. Cadillac also pioneered the idea to use interchangeable parts between models, this allowed them to keep costs down while still offering a top of the line vehicle.
Cadillac Model E, 1905
While Cartercar was not around very long, it did use a friction drive transmission, which was a forerunner to the CVT transmission which is used in many of today’s cars. Cartercar was soon bought by General Motors after a booming success in it’s early years, only to be shut down not much later.
The Ewing automobile does not have much known history which is actually difficult to research, it was only around for 3 years. It leads us to believe it was one of the very unsuccessful companies that came and went.
Oakland another company that started and was doing decent on it’s own but really opened up when acquired by General Motors. It started with a small 2 cylinder vertical engine and later went to the standard 4 cylinder and sales rocketed up to 5000 cars sold that year. Later they added the V8 and again prices rose quite a bit. See everyone wants a bigger motor. They like Cartercar saw their demise under the General Motors empire.
Buick 4 Seater
Buick Bug, Driven by Louis Cherolet
Oakland Motor Car
What where we thinking?
General Motors was a fast growing company acquiring smaller auto makers left and right, if only they knew what was coming. This concludes the first decade of the 1900′s. a lot happened but the best is yet to come. We will continue with Part III tomorrow.
Have any questions or anything to add let us know.